• (n.) The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed,
strong, firm part; the trunk.
• (n.) The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.
• (n.) A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm
support; a post.
• (n.) Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or
post; one who has little sense.
• (n.) The principal supporting part; the part in which others are
inserted, or to which they are attached.
• (n.) The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a musket or
like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular piece of wood,
which is an important part of several forms of gun carriage.
• (n.) The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in boring;
a bitstock; a brace.
• (n.) The block of wood or metal frame which constitutes the body
of a plane, and in which the plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
• (n.) The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the shank of an
anchor is attached. See Illust. of Anchor.
• (n.) The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed, or of
the anvil itself.
• (n.) A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for cutting
screws; a diestock.
• (n.) The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which
was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as
the evidence of indebtedness. See Counterfoil.
• (n.) The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a family;
the progenitor of a family and his direct descendants; lineage; family.
• (n.) Money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in
business; fund; in the United States, the capital of a bank or other
company, in the form of transferable shares, each of a certain amount;
money funded in government securities, called also the public funds; in
the plural, property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or
in the obligations of a government for its funded debt; -- so in the
United States, but in England the latter only are called stocks, and
the former shares.
• (n.) Same as Stock account, below.
• (n.) Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a
merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in a stock of
• (n.) Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or raised on a
farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep, etc.; -- called also live
• (n.) That portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the
players at the beginning of certain games, as gleek, etc., but which
might be drawn from afterward as occasion required; a bank.
• (n.) A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.
• (n.) A covering for the leg, or leg and foot; as, upper stocks
(breeches); nether stocks (stockings).
• (n.) A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a
• (n.) A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or the feet
and hands, of criminals were formerly confined by way of punishment.
• (n.) The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.
• (n.) Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the
front of buildings.
• (n.) Any cruciferous plant of the genus Matthiola; as, common
stock (Matthiola incana) (see Gilly-flower); ten-weeks stock (M.
• (n.) An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large cavity in a
rock formation, as a stock of lead ore deposited in limestone.
• (n.) A race or variety in a species.
• (n.) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons (see
Person), as trees, chains of salpae, etc.
• (n.) The beater of a fulling mill.
• (n.) A liquid or jelly containing the juices and soluble parts of
meat, and certain vegetables, etc., extracted by cooking; -- used in
making soup, gravy, etc.
• (v. t.) To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as
merchandise, and the like.
• (v. t.) To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill;
to supply; as, to stock a warehouse, that is, to fill it with goods; to
stock a farm, that is, to supply it with cattle and tools; to stock
land, that is, to occupy it with a permanent growth, especially of
• (v. t.) To suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more
previous to sale, as cows.
• (v. t.) To put in the stocks.
• (a.) Used or employed for constant service or application, as if
constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent;
standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock sermon.